Ballot Unit (BUs) to Control Unit (CUs), in an encrypted form as an additional
security feature. It also contains Real time setting of each key press so that
sequencing of key presses including so called malicious sequenced key presses can
be detected and wrapped.
Further, the ECI- EVMs are not computer controlled, are stand alone machines
and not connected to the internet and /or any other network at any point of time.
Hence, there is no chance of hacking by remote devices.
The ECI-EVMs do not have any frequency receiver or decoder for data for wireless or
any external hardware port for connection to any other non-EVM accessory or
device. Hence no tampering is possible either through hardware port or through
Wireless, Wi-Fi or Bluetooth device because CU accepts only encrypted and
dynamically coded data from BU. No other kind of data can be accepted by CU.
find out from its database which machine is located where. So, any manipulation at
manufacturing stage is ruled out.
the other buttons that is of no use as there will not be any communication between
CU and BU as the result of those subsequent key presses, nor will BU register any
key press. To put it in other words, there can be only one valid key press (the first
key press) for every ballot enabled using CU. Once a valid key press (voting process)
is complete, until another ballot enabling key press is made there will not be any
activity between the CU and the BU. Hence, sending of any malicious signal, by way
being used in the country.
producing semi-conductor microchips within the country.
Every microchip has an identification number embedded into memory and the
producers have their digital signatures on them. So, the question of their
replacement does not arise at all because microchips are subjected to functional
tests with regard to the software. Any attempt to replace microchip is detectable and
can make EVM in-operative. Thus, both changing existing programme or
introducing new one are detectable making EVM in-operative.
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